Palestinians and supporters march in Nicaragua during the Sandinista era. Notice the red and black FSLN (Frente Sandinista de Liberacion Nacional) flags, as well as the Palestinian keffiyehs worn by the marchers.
The FSLN overthrew Anastasio Somoza Debayle in July 19 1979, ending the Somoza dynasty, and established a revolutionary government in its place. Following their seizure of power, the Sandinistas ruled Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, first as part of a Junta of National Reconstruction. Following the resignation of centrist members from this Junta, the FSLN took exclusive power in March 1981. They instituted a policy of mass literacy, devoted significant resources to health care, and promoted gender equality.
A Sandinista guerilla in Jinotega in 1978
The Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) are a democratic-socialist political party in Nicaragua that led their country in a revolution, overthrowing the Somoza Dynasty of dictators and going up against the full force of U.S. imperialism.
Named after Augusto César Sandino, who led a rebellion against American colonization from 1927-33, the FSLN rose in response to the corruption following the 1972 Managua earthquake, with the government embezzling international aid funds and leaving the people in extreme poverty. The FSLN overthrew the dictatorship in 1979, with the help of their United People’s Movement, made up of students and labor groups who held strikes and protests.
After the successful people’s revolution, the United States funded the “Contras”, a counterrevolutionary group made up of Somoza’s National Guard. The American government claimed that the Sandinistas must be stopped in order to stop communism and preserve democracy. In reality, one of the core principles of the FSLN was democracy, and they had no communist affiliations until the U.S. agression, when they were forced to take Soviet aid.
After Congress passed the 1982 Boland Amendment, prohibiting American aid of the Contras, the Reagan Administration continued a covert involvement in Nicaragua. This culminated in the infamous Iran-Contra affair, in which senior officials of the executive branch sold missiles and other military weapons to Iran in exchange for the return of seven American hostages, and used the profits of that sale to illegally continue to fund the Contras. Although President Reagan was an open supporter of the Contras, it is disputed as to whether or not he was involved in the scandal.
Which floor of the pyramid do you live on? Iconic representation of the inequities of capitalism, on a pictorial postcard ca. 1915.
I’m going to explain a few terms before answering this question, cause I think some people are still confused as to these differences:
Capitalism: An economic system where most/all of the means of production is privately owned and operated
- The government doesn’t control how companies and corporations run their businesses
- Prices/distributions/wages are determined by the free market, rather than the state
Socialism: State ownership of means of production and/or common property. So what does this do and what does it include?
- The government controls or regulates companies and corporations
- Public schools
- Social Security
- Unemployment insurance
- Workers compensation
- State highways
- Road maintenance
- National/state/federal parks
Communism: Community ownership of property, where the end goal is to create a completely equal society via economic equality
- This is seen as a utopian and ideal society because there is no inequalitiy or disparities between people because it eliminates the upper/middle/lower class and the problem that arises from it
- People associate communism with authoritarianism or totalitarianism in order to achieve this goal, but THIS IS NOT ADVOCATED BY TRUE COMMUNISTS. It is not a communist ideal
- Communism sees that an individual cannot be owned by another person, and all labor belongs to the individual laborer
Fascism: (Piece of shit) “a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism.”
- Totalitarian/Authoritarian government
- This was Hitler
- Why the fuck would you identify with Hitler’s ideals
- You racist fuckhead
And as for my political beliefs, I identify more with socialism/communism. Though I think that socialism is more realistically attainable in America.
HOW ALL AMERICANS ARE SOCIALISTS AND HAVE SOCIALIST MINDSETS TO SOME DEGREE AND ANYONE THAT DISPUTES IT OBVIOUSLY DOESN’T KNOW A THING ABOUT SOCIALISM
Okay so as you read above, anything government-issued and all your tax dollars going to work and if you believe in social security (hello old white republicans complaining about welfare when the young folks are paying for your benefits) and public schools then you believe in socialism
If you think k-12 education is a necessity, then you believe in socialism
If you attend a public school or a public university and think they should exist, you believe in socialism
If you like national parks and your roads maintained and filled-in potholes then you believe in socialism
SOCIALISM AND COMMUNISM AREN’T BAD THINGS STOP SPREADING LIES ABOUT SHIT YOU DON’T EVEN KNOW ABOUT
CAPITALISM IS EVIL AND CREATES A CLASSIST AND RACIST SOCIETY THAT ATTENDS TO THE WEALTHY WHILE TAKING ADVANTAGE OF AND KILLING THE POOR
SO FUCK CAPITALISM
THAT IS THE EMBODIMENT OF CAPITALISM SO FUCK IT
Now, my grandmother was a wonderful person. She taught me how to play the game Monopoly. She understood that the name of the game is to acquire. She would accumulate everything she could and eventually, she became the master of the board. And then she would always say the same thing to me. She would look at me and she would say: “One day, you’ll learn to play the game.”
One summer, I played Monopoly almost every day, all day long. And that summer, I learned to play the game. I came to understand the only way to win is to make a total commitment to acquisition. I came to understand that money and possessions- that’s the way that you keep score. And by the end of that summer, I was more ruthless than my grandmother… I was ready to bend the rules if I had to, to win that game.
And I sat down with her to play that fall. I took everything she had. I watched her give her last dollar and quit in utter defeat. And then she had one more thing to teach me. Then she said: “Now it all goes back in the box. All those houses and hotels. All the railroads and utility companies… All that property and all that wonderful money… Now it all goes back in the box. None of it was really yours.
You got all heated up about it for a while. But it was around a long time before you sat down at the board and it will be here after you’re gone: players come, players go. Houses and cars… Titles and clothes… Even your body.” Because the fact is that everything I clutch and consume and hoard is going to go back in the box and I’m going to lose it all.
So you have to ask yourself when you finally get the ultimate promotion, when you have made the ultimate purchase, when you buy the ultimate home, when you have stored up financial security and climbed the ladder of success to the highest rung you can possibly climb it… and the thrill wears off – and it will wear off – Then what? How far do you have to walk down that road before you see where it leads? Surely you understand it will never be enough.
So you have to ask yourself the question: What matters?
|—||Jordan Maxwell (via darrianrosee)|
"… And I said: you are an alcoholic, you’re an ass, you are the worst, Mr. Danger." *
*A real quote from Hugo Chavez directed at George W. Bush.
President Hugo Chavez, who died on March 5, 2013 of cancer at age 58, marked forever the history of Venezuela and Latin America.
1. Never in the history of Latin America, has a political leader had such incontestable democratic legitimacy. Since coming to power in 1999, there were 16 elections in Venezuela. Hugo Chavez won 15, the last on October 7, 2012. He defeated his rivals with a margin of 10-20 percentage points.
2. All international bodies, from the European Union to the Organization of American States, to the Union of South American Nations and the Carter Center, were unanimous in recognizing the transparency of the vote counts.
3. James Carter, former U.S. President, declared that Venezuela’s electoral system was “the best in the world.”
4. Universal access to education introduced in 1998 had exceptional results. About 1.5 million Venezuelans learned to read and write thanks to the literacy campaign called Mission Robinson I.
5. In December 2005, UNESCO said that Venezuela had eradicated illiteracy.
6. The number of children attending school increased from 6 million in 1998 to 13 million in 2011 and the enrollment rate is now 93.2%.
7. Mission Robinson II was launched to bring the entire population up to secondary level. Thus, the rate of secondary school enrollment rose from 53.6% in 2000 to 73.3% in 2011.
8. Missions Ribas and Sucre allowed tens of thousands of young adults to undertake university studies. Thus, the number of tertiary students increased from 895,000 in 2000 to 2.3 million in 2011, assisted by the creation of new universities.
9. With regard to health, they created the National Public System to ensure free access to health care for all Venezuelans. Between 2005 and 2012, 7873 new medical centers were created in Venezuela.
10. The number of doctors increased from 20 per 100,000 population in 1999 to 80 per 100,000 in 2010, or an increase of 400%.
11. Mission Barrio Adentro I provided 534 million medical consultations. About 17 million people were attended, while in 1998 less than 3 million people had regular access to health. 1.7 million lives were saved, between 2003 and 2011.
12. The infant mortality rate fell from 19.1 per thousand in 1999 to 10 per thousand in 2012, a reduction of 49%.
13. Average life expectancy increased from 72.2 years in 1999 to 74.3 years in 2011.
14. Thanks to Operation Miracle, launched in 2004, 1.5 million Venezuelans who were victims of cataracts or other eye diseases, regained their sight.
15. From 1999 to 2011, the poverty rate decreased from 42.8% to 26.5% and the rate of extreme poverty fell from 16.6% in 1999 to 7% in 2011.
16. In the rankings of the Human Development Index (HDI) of the United Nations Program for Development (UNDP), Venezuela jumped from 83 in 2000 (0.656) at position 73 in 2011 (0.735), and entered into the category Nations with ‘High HDI’.
17. The GINI coefficient, which allows calculation of inequality in a country, fell from 0.46 in 1999 to 0.39 in 2011.
18. According to the UNDP, Venezuela holds the lowest recorded Gini coefficient in Latin America, that is, Venezuela is the country in the region with the least inequality.
19. Child malnutrition was reduced by 40% since 1999.
20. In 1999, 82% of the population had access to safe drinking water. Now it is 95%.
21. Under President Chavez social expenditures increased by 60.6%.
22. Before 1999, only 387,000 elderly people received a pension. Now the figure is 2.1 million.
23. Since 1999, 700,000 homes have been built in Venezuela.
24. Since 1999, the government provided / returned more than one million hectares of land to Aboriginal people.
25. Land reform enabled tens of thousands of farmers to own their land. In total, Venezuela distributed more than 3 million hectares.
26. In 1999, Venezuela was producing 51% of food consumed. In 2012, production was 71%, while food consumption increased by 81% since 1999. If consumption of 2012 was similar to that of 1999, Venezuela produced 140% of the food it consumed.
27. Since 1999, the average calories consumed by Venezuelans increased by 50% thanks to the Food Mission that created a chain of 22,000 food stores (MERCAL, Houses Food, Red PDVAL), where products are subsidized up to 30%. Meat consumption increased by 75% since 1999.
28. Five million children now receive free meals through the School Feeding Programme. The figure was 250,000 in 1999.
29. The malnutrition rate fell from 21% in 1998 to less than 3% in 2012.
30. According to the FAO, Venezuela is the most advanced country in Latin America and the Caribbean in the erradication of hunger.
31. The nationalization of the oil company PDVSA in 2003 allowed Venezuela to regain its energy sovereignty.
32. The nationalization of the electrical and telecommunications sectors (CANTV and Electricidad de Caracas) allowed the end of private monopolies and guaranteed universal access to these services.
33. Since 1999, more than 50,000 cooperatives have been created in all sectors of the economy.
34. The unemployment rate fell from 15.2% in 1998 to 6.4% in 2012, with the creation of more than 4 million jobs.
35. The minimum wage increased from 100 bolivars/month ($ 16) in 1998 to 2047.52 bolivars ($ 330) in 2012, ie an increase of over 2,000%. This is the highest minimum wage in Latin America.
36. In 1999, 65% of the workforce earned the minimum wage. In 2012 only 21.1% of workers have only this level of pay.
37. Adults at a certain age who have never worked still get an income equivalent to 60% of the minimum wage.
38. Women without income and disabled people receive a pension equivalent to 80% of the minimum wage.
39. Working hours were reduced to 6 hours a day and 36 hours per week, without loss of pay.
40. Public debt fell from 45% of GDP in 1998 to 20% in 2011. Venezuela withdrew from the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, after early repayment of all its debts.
41. In 2012, the growth rate was 5.5% in Venezuela, one of the highest in the world.
42. GDP per capita rose from $ 4,100 in 1999 to $ 10,810 in 2011.
43. According to the annual World Happiness 2012, Venezuela is the second happiest country in Latin America, behind Costa Rica, and the nineteenth worldwide, ahead of Germany and Spain.
44. Venezuela offers more direct support to the American continent than the United States. In 2007, Chávez spent more than 8,800 million dollars in grants, loans and energy aid as against 3,000 million from the Bush administration.
45. For the first time in its history, Venezuela has its own satellites (Bolivar and Miranda) and is now sovereign in the field of space technology. The entire country has internet and telecommunications coverage.
46. The creation of Petrocaribe in 2005 allows 18 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, or 90 million people, secure energy supply, by oil subsidies of between 40% to 60%.
47. Venezuela also provides assistance to disadvantaged communities in the United States by providing fuel at subsidized rates.
48. The creation of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (ALBA) in 2004 between Cuba and Venezuela laid the foundations of an inclusive alliance based on cooperation and reciprocity. It now comprises eight member countries which places the human being in the center of the social project, with the aim of combating poverty and social exclusion.
49. Hugo Chavez was at the heart of the creation in 2011 of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) which brings together for the first time the 33 nations of the region, emancipated from the tutelage of the United States and Canada.
50. Hugo Chavez played a key role in the peace process in Colombia. According to President Juan Manuel Santos, “if we go into a solid peace project, with clear and concrete progress, progress achieved ever before with the FARC, is also due to the dedication and commitment of Chavez and the government of Venezuela.”